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Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth is the best book to prepare for Polity UPSC.  This is the only source preferred by many toppers.

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Syllabus of Indian Polity for Civil Services Examination –

Part I: Constituional Framework

1.Historical Background
2.Making of the constitution
3.Salient features of the Indian Constitution
4.Preamble to the Constitution
5.Union and its territory
6.Citizenship
7.Fundamental rights
8.Directive principles of state policy
9.Fundamental duties
10.Amendment of the constitution
11.Basic structure of the constitution.

Part II: System of Government

12.Parliamentary system
13.Federal System
14.Centre-state relations
15.Inter-state relations.
16.Emergency provisions

Part III:Central government

17.President
18.Vice-President
19.Prime Minister
20.Central Council of Ministers
21.Cabinet committees
22.Parliament
23.Parliamentary committees
24.Parliamentary forums
25.Supreme Court

Part IV:State Government

26.Governor
27.Chief Minister
28.State Council of Ministers
29.State legislature
30.High court
31.Subordinate Courts
32.Special status of Jammu and Kashmir
33.Special provision for some states

Part V:Local Government

34.Panchayati raj
35.Municipalities

Part VI:Union territories and special areas

36.Union territories
37.Scheduled and tribal areas

Part VII: Constitutional Bodies

38.Election commission
39.Union Public service commission
40.State Public service Commission
41.Finance Commission
42.National Commission for SC’s
43. National Commission for ST’s
44.Special officer for Linguistic minorities
45.Comptroller and auditor general of India
46.Attorney General of India.
47.Advocate General of India.

Part VIII:Non-Constitutional Bodies

48.Planing Commission
49.National Development Council
50.National Human Rights Commission
51.State Human Rights Commission
52.Central Information Commission
53.State Information Commission
54.Central vigilance Commission
55.Central Bureau of Investigation
56.Lokpal and Lokayuktas

Part IX:Other Constitutional Dimensions

57.Co-operative societies
58.Official Language
59.Public services
60.Tribunals
61.Rights and Liabilities of the Government.
62.Authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi Language.
63.Special Provision relating to certain classes.

Part X:Political Dynamics

64.Political Parties
65.Elections
66.Electoral Reforms
67.Anti-Defection Law
68.Pressure groups
69.National Integration
70.Foreign Policy

Part XI:Working of the Constitution

71.National Commission to review the working of the constitution

Following are the new addition to 5th Edition –

1) Parliamentary Group
2) Judicial Review
3) Judicial Activism
4) PIL
5) Niti Aayog
6) Voting behaviour
7) Election Laws

 

  • Four new appendices have been added too
  • Previous years questions of Polity from:
    2014, 2015 and 2016 Prelims and 2013, 2014, 2015 Main

Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth (Tata Macgrawhill Publication) must be used as Base-book for polity theory. All chapters, appendix must be prepared in thorough detail, all mock questions must be solved. Although recent exams have been mainly focused President, parliament and DPSP chapters and overall easier nature of question compared to last year. BUT you cannot take anything for granted in UPSC.

How to prepare from M. Laxmikant-

  • Revision is the key. Don’t expect to remember all the facts and details the very first time.
  • Don’t even try that.
  • Most importantly , analyze previous year’s question papers. See what type of question are asked and how they are asked.
  • Link with current affairs.
  • FR, FD , DPSP etc are difficult as they have laws and by-laws. Some are explicit while others are implicit. It is thus important to get the concept and soul of the article. UPSC wont ask petty details or facts. It will exploit the conceptual part.
  • Link , Link , Link – Easiest way to crack UPSC. Read about President and move on to Governor. Read about PM and move onto CM.  Read FR and move to Human Rights Commission.

From the analysis of part year Prelims questions, we found that one can score easily 100% Marks by reading Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant only.

Here is the Syllabus of Polity For Prelims and Mains-

Prelims:

  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Mains:

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
• Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
• Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
• Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
• Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
and issues arising out of these.
• Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments
of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
• Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
• Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
Constitutional Bodies.
• Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
• Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of
their design and implementation.
• Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and
associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
• Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
• Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
• Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
• Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications,
models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.
• Role of civil services in a democracy.
• India and its neighborhood- relations.
• Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
interests
• Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian
Diaspora.
• Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

About M. Laxmikanth

M. Laxmikanth is an author, and trainer.

Apart from this book, Laxmikanth has written Governance in India for UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination, Indian Polity, and Public Administration.

Laxmikanth completed his master’s degree from Osmania University in 1989. Following that, he started his own coaching academy, Laxmikanth’s IAS. Laxmikanth has a great deal of experience coaching civil service aspirants.

Summary Of The Book

Indian Polity For Civil Services Examinations has been designed to meet the requirements of students preparing for civil service examinations. This book covers the entire syllabus, which civil service aspirants need to understand.

This book has been divided into 11 parts, which include Constitutional Framework, Central Government, System of Government, State Government, Constitutional Bodies, Union Territories And Special Areas, Local Government, Non-Constitutional Bodies, Other Constitutional Dimensions, Political Dynamics, and Working of the Constitution.

The first part of the book deals with the historical background of the constitution, and throws light on fundamental rights, fundamental duties, citizenship, and features of the constitution. The second part deals with the parliamentary system, emergency provisions, special provision for certain states, inter-state relations, and the current status of Jammu & Kashmir. The third part provides insight into the central government by explaining the roles of the President, Prime Minister, and Vice-President. In the fourth part, students are provided detailed information on the state government, explaining the role of the Chief Minister, Governor, state council of ministers, subordinate courts, and high court.

In the fifth part, the readers are provided insight into the Panchayati Raj as well as urban local governments. The sixth part deals with union territories, and scheduled, and tribal areas. In the seventh part, the author throws light on the constitutional bodies, which include the finance commission, election commission, advocate general of the state, special officer for linguistic minorities, national commission for SCs, national commission for STs, and union public service commission.

The eighth part of this book throws light on the planning commission, national human rights commission, state human rights commission, lokpal, and lokayuktas, central vigilance commission, and state information commission. In the ninth part, the readers are provided insight into public services, anti-defection law, tribunals, and special provisions for ST’s, Anglo-Indian’s, minorities, and BC’s. In the tenth part, the readers are also provided insight into national integration, foreign policy, pressure groups, political parties, and elections. The eleventh part deals with the national commission’s plan to examine the constitution’s working.

In this third edition, the author also provides 7 appendices at the end of the book. The appendices cover topics such as table of precedence, definitions under the constitution, constitutional amendments at a glance, subjects of union, state, and concurrent lists, articles of the constitution, and ministries/departments of the central government. This edition of Indian Polity For Civil Services also comes with updated UPSC preliminary, and main question papers as well.

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